Vice Presidential Elections: How Vice President of India is Elected?

WRITTEN BY Saumya Jaiswar

Vice Presidential Elections on August 6

The election is scheduled for August 6. Jagdeep Dhankhar from NDA and Margaret Alva is chosen candidate by the opposition for elections.

Office of the Vice President (Venkaiah Naidu- 2017 -present)

In line with Article 63 of the Constitution, 'there shall be a Vice-President of India.' The Vice President 'shall be ex officio Chairman of the Council of the States,'(Rajya Sabha)


Election of the Vice-President (Mohammad Hamid Ansari- 2007-17)

The Vice-President is chosen by an electoral college made up of representatives from both Houses using a single transferable vote under the proportional representation system.

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Eligibility (Bhairon Singh Shekhawat- 2002-07)

The Vice-President is not a member of either House of Parliament or of a House of a Legislature of any state and be a citizen of India.

When Election of Vice President is Conducted? (Krishan Kant- 1997-2002)

The election of the Vice-President is to be held within 60 days of the expiry of the term of office of the outgoing Vice-President.

Nomination of Vice President (K. R. Narayanan 1992-1997)

Any candidate for vice president who meets the eligibility requirements must receive the support of at least 20 MPs in both the proposer and seconder categories.

Live Law

Security Deposit of Vice President (Shankar Dayal Sharma 1987- 1992)

A candidate seeking election as Vice-President is required to make a security deposit of Rs.15,000/-.


How voting is done? (Ramaswamy Venkataraman 1984-87)

An elector has as many preferences for the election. The space next to the candidate's name that the voter selects as his first preference must be marked with the number 1 while casting a ballot.

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How Votes are Counted? (Mohammad Hidayatullah 1979-84)

The calculated numbers are added together, the sum is divided by two, and one is then added to the quotient, leaving out any remainder. The total obtained is the quota required for a candidate to win.

Hidayatullah National Law University

Disputes regarding Election of the Vice-President (V. V. Giri 1967-69)

All doubts and disputes arising in connection with the election of the Vice-President are enquired into and decided by the Supreme Court of India whose decision is final.


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