Complete History of Amar Jawan Jyoti | Know the Significance, Construction and Importance of the Indian Memorial

Publish Date: 23 Jan, 2022 |

New Delhi: The eternal flame of Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate is now going to be extinguished forever after gloriously burning for 50 years. Ahead of the 75th Republic Day, this decision came into the news. Today, the torch will be merged with the National War Memorial's torch at a programme.

The ceremony is scheduled to begin at 3.30 pm. It will be presided over by the Integrated Defence Staff chief, Air Marshal Balabadhra Radha Krishna, officials reported. This decision was taken after the upkeep of 2 flames was becoming difficult. 

It was also contended that when National War Memorial has already been built for the martyrs of the country, why a separate flame should be lit at the India Gate, army sources informed.


History of Amar Jawan Jyoti


Amar Jawan Jyoti called Flame of the immortal soldier in English is an Indian memorial constructed after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 to commemorate the soldiers of the Indian Armed Forces who martyred during the war. 

  • Amar Jawan Jyoti was placed in India Gate in 1971.

  • In December 1971, after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Indira Gandhi assisted in the construction of the Amar Jawan Jyoti under the India Gate. She wanted to pay homage to the dead and unknown soldiers.

  • On 26 January 1972 on the occasion of the 23rd Republic Day of India, the monument was officially inaugurated by Indira Gandhi. 


Who built Amar Jawan Jyoti?


In 1921, The main structure (India Gate) was originally constructed by Edwin Lutyens. 


Significance of Amar JawanJyoti|Why Amar Jawan Jyoti was built?


From 3 December 1971 to 16 December 1971, Fall of Dhaka, the Indian military had a confrontation with Pakistan during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. during this liberation war in East Pakistan, many Indian soldiers martyred and sacrificed their lives in the formation of Bangladesh as a separate nation, freed from the clutches of Pakistan. Amar Jawan Jyoti was ignited to pay homage to the unknown and dead soldiers who lost their lives during the war. The flame burning at the Amar Jawan Jyoti is considered to be immortal. This Indian memorial is a place where citizens commemorate and pay tribute to fallen soldiers by reading their names at the concentric Tyag Chakra.


Customs at Amar Jawan Jyoti (Since 1972)


  • 1972-2019: On the Republic Day,  before the Republic Day parade) it had been customary for the President, Prime Minister, Chief of the Air Staff, Chief of the Naval Staff, Chief of the Army Staff and dignitaries to a place wreath at Amar Jawan Jyoti. They used to honour and pay homage to the dead and unknown soldiers.

  • 2020: The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, on the occasion of Republic Day placed the wreath at the National War Memorial. He was accompanied by Chief of the Air Staff, Chief of the Naval Staff, Chief of the Army Staff. 


Construction of Amar Jawan Jyoti


Amar Jawan Jyoti structure is made of a marble pedestal on which a cenotaph is situated. "Amar Jawan" or Immortal Soldier is enshrined in gold on all four sides of the cenotaph and on top, an L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle stands on its barrel with a helmet of the Unknown Soldier on top. The pedestal is bound by 4 urns, one of which holds a continuously burning flame. 

From 1971 to 2006, LPG was used as a fuel source. But from 2006, CNG is used to burn the flame of Amar Jawan Jyoti. Each of the four urns has a flame. 

Only one of the four flames burns throughout the year. All 4 flames are lit on Indian Independence and Republic Days. The Amar Jawan Jyoti is manned day and night by soldiers from the Indian Army, Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy. 


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