22 July 2019 was the date when the second lunar exploration mission Chandrayaan 2 was launched. It was developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), after Chandrayaan-1. The spacecraft was launched on its mission to the Moon from the second launch pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh 22 July 2022 marks the three year anniversary of one of the biggest missions of ISRO. Let’s know some lesser known facts about Chandrayaan 2.
In 2008, India🇮🇳 launched🚀 its first lunar probe #Chandrayaan1.— UNOOSA (@UNOOSA) July 19, 2022
The mission provided insights into the composition of the #Moon🌔 soil.
This feat was followed in July 2019 with @isro #Chandrayaan2 mission!#MoonDay #space pic.twitter.com/9gIGMUMxAH
Chandryaan-2 was scheduled to launch in 2011 and was supposed to carry Russian-made landers and rovers. Since Russia pulled out, ISRO had to develop its own lander and rover and this resulted in delay.
Chandrayaan-2 is the first space mission to conduct a soft landing on the Moon's South Polar Region.
The total cost of the mission was approximately US$141 million.
It was the first Indian expedition to attempt a soft landing on the lunar surface with home-grown technology
Chandrayaan-2 consists of three components: the Orbiter, the Lander (Vikram) and the Rover (Pragyaan). The Lander of Chandrayaan 2 is named Vikram after Dr Vikram A Sarabhai, the Father of the Indian Space Programme.
The mission life of Chandrayaan-2’s Orbiter was one year whereas the mission life of the lander (Vikram) and rover (Pragyan) was one Lunar day which is equal to fourteen earth days.
Former ISRO chief K. Sivan said that the most terrifying part of the mission was 15 minutes after the lander separated from the orbiter.