If we look back at history, almost the whole world was ruled by monarchs. As time progressed many forms of government came into existence like Democracy, Dictatorship and more. Yet still, till today's date, many countries are following a monarchy system First of all let's find out what is monarchy.
In a monarchy, absolute power is vested in a single individual known as the monarch, who remains in office until his or her demise or abdication. Although there have been elective monarchs, when the monarch occupies the position after being elected, the papacy is occasionally referred to as an elective monarchy. Monarchs typically hold and attain their position through the right of hereditary succession.
Bahrain- The House of Khalifa has controlled Bahrain, a constitutional hereditary monarchy, since the 18th century. A population with a Shia majority is ruled by the Sunni Khalifa family. The king is the head of state, and the prime minister is in charge of the government.
Belgium- Belgium was a part of the Netherlands for 15 years before gaining its independence in 1830. Since that time, seven Belgian kings have held the title of "King of the Belgians." According to a rigid lineage system that dates back to Leopold I and is based on a constitutional monarchy, the kings that represent Belgium were appointed to their positions. Even though opinions about the monarchy in Belgium today may vary, it is intriguing to look back at its brief history and analyse how each of these people influenced the growth of the country.
Bhutan- The Kingdom of Bhutan is distinguished by its tightly guarded environment, Shangri-La vibe, and Buddhist roots. It has appeared to be unaffected by modern society for generations and is a well-liked vacation spot for a small number of tourists every year.
Brunei- Brunei is the only absolute monarchy in Asia and one of the few absolute kingdoms still in existence. The Sultan of Brunei is in charge of both the government and the state because he is an absolute monarch. He serves as the King, Prime Minister, Defence, Finance, and Foreign Affairs and Trade Ministers.
Cambodia- The head of state of the Kingdom of Cambodia is the King. The King only has the authority of a symbolic leader who deserves our love and respect. For the Khmer people, the king also stands for wealth, peace, and stability. One of the few elective monarchy in the world, the King of Cambodia has been chosen by the people since 1993. The Royal Council of the Throne, which is made up of various important political and religious leaders, chooses the monarch for life from among the Norodom and Sisowath bloodline members who are at least 30 years old.
Saudi Arabia- The monarchy in Saudi Arabia is based on Islam. The King, who is also the supreme military commander, is in charge of the administration. A Crown Prince is chosen by the King to assist him in his duties.
Spain- In Spain and its neighbouring regions throughout history, the monarchy has served as the dominant form of government or the institution with the highest political clout. So, like other European nations, Spain's political and institutional history is somewhat shaped by its monarchy and its kings and queens.
Thailand- The constitutional monarchy and ruler of the Kingdom of Thailand is referred to as Thailand, and its monarch is known as the King of Thailand or historically, the King of Siam (formerly Siam). Both the head of state and the head of the governing Royal House of Chakri is the King of Thailand.
Vatican City- The Vatican City is currently the only absolute monarchy in existence. When chosen, the pope is not subject to any human authority. He has total control over every aspect of the Roman Catholic Church, including the individual members.
Commonwealth Realms- Besides the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, these countries are Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Papua New Guinea, St Christopher and Nevis, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Tuvalu, Barbados, Grenada, Solomon Islands, St Lucia and The Bahamas.
Denmark- One of the oldest in the world and a beloved institution in Denmark is the monarchy. Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II, the reigning monarch today, descends from the first Viking monarchs of Denmark more than 1,000 years ago!
Malaysia- Nine hereditary ethnic Malay royals who make up the Conference of Rulers, each of whom is in charge of a different state in Malaysia, comprise the Malaysian monarchy (Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Selangor, and Terengganu). Except for Negeri Sembilan and Perlis, who use the titles "Yang di-Pertuan Besar" and "Raja," respectively, seven of these kings use the title "Sultan."
The Netherlands- The Netherlands has been a constitutional monarchy since 1814. This indicates that the Constitution specifies the monarch's position. The government is led by the King, who also serves as head of state, together with the ministers. The head of state is accountable to the ministers in a constitutional monarchy.