Today is the birth anniversary of the 10th Sikh Guru Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji. He was the son of Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru of the Sikhs, who Emperor Aurangzeb murdered. He was a warrior, philosopher, teacher, and poet. His birth anniversary is celebrated worldwide with great enthusiasm and zeal. On this day, devotees from all over the world send greetings to each other and take a pledge to follow the teachings and path of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. We did not know many details about the tenth guru of Sikhism. Let’s take a look at some unknown facts about Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Gobind Rai was only 9 years old when he became the 10th Guru of Sikhism. His father Guru Teg Bahadur was martyred by Emperor Aurangzeb for protecting the rights of Kashmiri Hindus and not accepting Islam. After martyrdom, Gobind Rai was named Guru Gobind Singh Ji and was throned as the 10th guru.
As a child, Guru Gobind Singh learned many languages including Sanskrit, Urdu, Hindi, Brazi, Gurmukhi, and Persian. He also studied martial arts to become proficient in combat.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji was a great lover of art and because of this love he invented the musical instruments “Dilruba” and “Taus”.
In September 1688, aged 19, Guru Gobind Singh fought a coalition of Bhim Chand, the Garwal king Fateh Khan, and other local kings of the Shivalik Hills at the Battle of Bhangani. The fighting lasted a day and a lot of lives were lost. The Guru has triumphed.
Guru Gobind Singh composed Dasam Granth near Sri Paonta Sahib Gurdwara on the banks of the Yamuna River. It is said that the river was making a lot of noise at that time. Then Guru Gobind Singh Ji asked the river Yamuna to flow slowly. The Yamuna River, which flows near Shree Paonta Sahib Gurdwara, is said to have become completely calm after that and still flows gently today.
He was a master of a lot of weapons. In fact, he had the most expensive and unique weapon of his time. Many Sikhs are aware of his spear called 'Nagini Balcha' which Bhai Bachitar Singh used to attack the mad elephants sent by the Mughal army to attack the Sikhs at Chamkaur Fort.
At a meeting in 1699, Guru Gobind Singh founded Khalsa Vani. He gave all his followers the title Singh, which means lion. He also established the Khalsa or Five 'K's principle.
Since he was the last Guru, he formed some code of conduct and practices for Sikhs. He asked them to accept Guru Granth Sahib Ji as their Guru after him.