Vaccination History: After the breakout of coronavirus in 2020, the most sought of thing by the whole world is vaccination. Vaccines became so important that the most searched word of 2021 is “Vaccination”. From the first vaccination of smallpox disease in 1796 to monumental development in vaccines combating the deadly virus of Covid-19, we have come a long way.
Innovative techniques are now assisting vaccine research, with recombinant DNA technology and new delivery techniques leading scientists into new arenas of vaccination development.
Treated through the Chinese Inoculation method was used to eradicate it. Cowpox was the aggravated version of Smallpox.
When this travelled in Europe it got the name of Variola in the 18th century. Europe was dealing with Cowpox at that time, a virus in the milk of cows.
Edward Jenner: Called the father of vaccination. In 1798, he inoculated his friends and relatives with the cowpox vaccine. It was a risky task but through his vaccination, the disease of cowpox was eradicated. The ‘Vaacciation’ word was introduced during this time.
The word vaccination comes from the Latin word Vacca. Vacca means Cow.
By the 1800s Jenner’s vaccine was delivered throughout the world, even India. From Vienna to Baghdad, From Baghdad to Basra, to Basra to Bombay.
In the Indian Subcontinent, smallpox was a big disease, the mortality rate was 1 in 3 cases.
June 14, 1802, Anna Dusthall became the first woman in India to take the vaccine.
British Empire’s vaccination drive was very successful in India.
In 1975, India registered the last smallpox case.
In 1980, WHO declared Smallpox to be eradicated from the world.