National Family Health Survey:
For the first time in the country, the population of women has increased in comparison to men, which is being considered very good news for our country. As India has been known as a nation of “missing women”, achieving this milestone is a good step forward. The country has now 1,020 females for every 1000 males. At the same time, this record has also been made for the first time after independence when the population of women has exceeded 1000 as compared to men.
Another good news for India is that the sex ratio at birth has also improved, which in the year 2015-16, it was 919 girls per 1000 children, has improved to 929 girls per 1000 children in 2019-21.
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) data compares the sex ratio in village and city. According to the survey, the sex ratio has been better in villages than in cities. While there are 1,037 females for every 1,000 males in villages, there are 985 females in cities. It must be noted that earlier in NFHS-4 (2019-2020) there were 1,009 females per 1,000 males in villages and this figure was 956 in cities.
Good news has been doing rounds considering the increasing population in the country. According to the second phase of the National Family Health Survey-5, the country's total fertility rate (TFR) or the average number of children a woman gives birth to in her lifetime has come down from 2.2 to 2. Whereas the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) has also increased and has increased from 54% to 67%.