Nipah Virus India Update:
Kerala is fighting a serious battle against the Covid-19 virus, and along with this, a case of the Nipah virus has been registered recently in the state. The first case of the Nipah virus has been found in Kozhikode district, due to which a 12-year-old child has died.
Nipah is a zoonotic disease that spreads from animals to humans.
This virus comes to humans only through those animals, which have a backbone and skeleton. There have also been some cases of human-to-human transmission. For the first time, its symptoms were found in pig farmers in Malaysia. The cases of Nipah virus disease were reported in Siliguri, Bengal in 2001 and again in 2007. This virus remains largely in a particular area and spreads through contact with patients.
As stated by the WHO, a person infected by the Nipah virus initially develops symptoms such as fever, headache, myalgia (muscle pain), vomiting, and sore throat, which can be followed by dizziness and encephalitis.
While some people may also experience unusual pneumonia and severe respiratory problems.
As stated by the WHO, if the Nipah virus is suspected, the animal's premises should be immediately abandoned and the place should be quarantined.
Avoid consuming raw date palm juice or toddy. Eat only washed fruits, avoid eating half-dried fruits from the ground.
Kill infected animals to reduce the risk of infection to people. Bury the carcasses of the animal under the supervision of an expert.
Restricting the movement of animals from infected farms to other areas can reduce the spread of the disease.