Guru Arjan Dev was the fifth Guru of the Sikhs. He sacrificed his life in the service of religion and people. He was engaged in sangat and service day and night. He looked at all religions equally. He was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib. Let’s know some facts about the fifth Guru of the Sikh community
Guru Arjan Dev was born in Goindval Sahib, Tarn Taran, India. His maternal grandfather "Guru Amardas' ' and father "Guru Ramdas" were respectively the third and fourth Guru of the Sikhs.
He was married to Mata Ganga ji in 1579. The two had a son named Hargobind Singh, who later became the sixth Guru of the Sikhs.
In 1581 A.D, the fourth Guru Ramdas, appointed Arjan Dev as the fifth Guru of the Sikhs in his place.
It was he who had laid the foundation of Shri Harmandir Sahib Gurdwara in Amritsar, which is also known today as Golden Temple. It is said that the map of this Gurudwara was made by Arjun Dev Ji himself.
Guru Arjan Dev invited Mian Mir, a Muslim Saint from Lahore to lay the cornerstone of the foundation of the Harmandar, the present Golden Temple. The doors on all four sides of the building signified its acceptance of all the four castes and every Religion.
My humble tributes to Shaheedan-De-Sartaaj and the fifth Sikh guru, Guru Arjan Dev Ji on his death anniversary.— Biplab Kumar Deb (@BjpBiplab) May 26, 2020
His contributions and sacrifices will always be remembered. pic.twitter.com/iZrVzJAuQp
He edited the Sri Guru Granth Sahib in collaboration with Bhai Gurdas. He also classified guru vanis on the basis of ragas. Sri Guru Granth Sahib contains thousands of words of Guru Arjun Dev himself.
Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji had sacrificed his life for the sake of religion. The Mughal ruler Jahangir martyred him on 30 May 1606 by making him sit on a hot tawa during the scorching heat in Lahore. During this, hot sand was poured on them and other types of torture were done.
With the God's name on his lips, the tortured remained for several days. After this, the Guru was allowed to take bath in the river Ravi. On 30 May, 1606, Guru Arjan Dev entered the river and was never seen again.
In his memory, Gurdwara Dera Sahib was built on the banks of river Ravi, which is presently in Pakistan.
During his tenure, Sikhism developed steadily, and more and more Hindus and Muslims also became the followers of the guru. Soon Sikhism became the prominent popular religion of medieval Punjab.
He became the first martyr of Sikh faith and on 16 June every year, the Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev is commemorated. This day has been marked to honour him and has been commemorated since 1606.