Svante Pääbo wins a Nobel prize in Medicine: Biography, Education and Career

Publish Date: 03 Oct, 2022
Svante Pääbo wins a Nobel prize in Medicine: Biography, Education and Career

Sweden's Svante Pabo has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He has been given this award for his discoveries related to the genetics (genome) of extinct hominin and human evolution. Nobel committee secretary Thomas Perlman announced the winner at the Korolinska Institute. Let’s take a look at Svante Pabo’s biography.

Svante Pabo Biography

Svante Pääbo is a Swedish geneticist and Nobel laureate specializing in evolutionary genetics. As one of the founders of paleogenetics, he focused on the Neanderthal genome. In 1997, he was appointed head of the genetics department of the Max He Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. He is also a professor at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University.

Svante Pabo Education

Svante Pääbo is a Swedish geneticist and Nobel laureate specializing in evolutionary genetics. As one of the founders of paleogenetics, he focused on the Neanderthal genome. In 1997, he was appointed head of the genetics department of the Max He Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. He is also a professor at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University.

Svante Pabo career

Svante Pääbo has developed techniques and approaches for DNA sequencing from archaeological and paleontological artifacts. This allowed him to study the ancient DNA of extinct organisms, humans, animals and pathogens. He has sequenced his high-quality Neanderthal genome. This has allowed us to reconstruct the recent evolutionary history of our species, finding that a Neanderthal provided his DNA to modern humans living outside Africa. 

By examining his DNA sequences in small Siberian bones, he discovered the Denisovans, a previously unknown human group distantly related to Neanderthals. He is also working on the comparative and functional genomics of humans and apes, especially the evolution of genetic traits such as his FOXP2 'language and language' gene, which may underlie aspects of human traits.

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