This Day in History:
Many great achievements have been achieved in the retrospective past that have created history, and with this “This day in history” article, we will remember one such great achievement of India.
On 24th September 2014, India became the first country to enter the Mars orbit in its first attempt.
The ISRO’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) on 24th September 2014 successfully entered the orbit of the red planet, Mars, creating a history. And with this, India became the first ever nation in the world to enter the Mars orbit in the first attempt, while the ISRO’s MOM is also one of the cheapest such missions.
It must be noted that the US, Europe, and Russia have managed to enter the orbit or land of Mars, but after a number of attempts.
The 440 Newton Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) came to life as it burnt along with the thruster to slow down the MOM spacecraft to be captured by the red planet Mars at around 7:17 AM.
Witnessing the nerve-wracking final moments of the mission at the command center of the Indian Space Research Organisation, PM Narendra Modi announced the mission’s success stating “MOM has met Mangal.”
Explaining the historic moment PM Modi said “India has become the first country to enter Mars orbit on a maiden mission. History has been created today with India reaching Mars. ISRO has joined an elite group of countries to reach Mars. It was built indigenously in the pan-Indian effort, stretching from Bangalore to Bhubhaneshwar, and Faridabad to Rajkot.”
The proud Prime Minister further added “Our budget is even lesser than a Hollywood blockbuster. These will go down as landmarks in history.”
What is red, is a planet and is the focus of my orbit? pic.twitter.com/HDRWjOcPus— ISRO's Mars Orbiter (@MarsOrbiter) September 24, 2014
The Mars Orbiter Insertion was carried out by commands loaded onto the spacecraft automatically after its velocity was lowered down from 22.1 km per second to 4.4 km per second so as to be captured by the orbit of Mars.
While the spacecraft entered the Martian neighborhood on Monday, however, during the MOM’s orbital insertion, its signals took about 12 minutes and 28 seconds the reach Earth for reception by NASA’s Deep Space Network Stations in Canberra and Goldstone that communicated the data in real-time to ISRO’s station in India.
ISRO announced the burn of engines on India’s Mars orbiter has been confirmed, which also gave the sign of success during the final moments of the ISRO MOM mission. ISRO signaling the history said “All engines of Mars orbiter are going strong. Burn confirmed.”
However, igniting the main engine was crucial as well as critical as it had been lying in slumber for around300 days and was woken up briefly for four seconds on 22nd September. It was a make-or-break situation as just a minute error would’ve pushed the mars orbiter into the depths of space.
Quite a lot of spacecraft’s maneuvers took place behind Mars as seen from Earth that indicated that from a point of four minutes into the Mars Orbiter Insertion (MOI) burn until three minutes after the scheduled end of the maneuver, teams of Earth had no knowledge of the spacecraft’s progress.