Vijay Diwas 2022: Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 and its effects

Publish Date: 15 Dec, 2022
Vijay Diwas 2022: Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 and its effects

Vijay Diwas 2022: This year, Vijay Diwas will take place from December 14–18. The formation of Bangladesh in December 1971 and India's triumph over Pakistan are commemorated annually. The Liberation War martyrs from 1971 will be honoured. Every year, people in Bangladesh and India commemorate it. 

Indo-Pakistan War of 1971: Reasons and Effects 

  • Approximately 1200 miles of Indian territory separated the two sections of Pakistan after the partition, when the East Wing of Bengal became East Pakistan. The military government of Pakistan also paid little attention to East Pakistan, and Urdu was forced on it.

  • The refusal of the position of premier to Sheikh Mujibur Rehman of East Bengal, whose party had won 160 out of 300 seats in the 1970 elections, was the immediate cause of strife.

  • President Yahya Khan and Prime Minister Z. A. Bhutto of Pakistan denied East Bengal's rights.

 

Effects of Indo-Pakistan War 1971

  • India launched attacks against both East and West Pakistan after Pakistan attacked Indian airfields in Kashmir.

  • The eastern half, which India held, proclaimed its independence as Bangladesh on December 6, 1971.

  • In 1972, after both nations reached a cease-fire, Z.A. Bhutto became the leader of Pakistan and Mujibur Rehman became the first president of Bangladesh.

  • In order to restore peace and order between the two states, negotiations between Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Z. A. Bhutto resulted in the signing of the Shimla Agreement in June 1972.

  • Both India and Pakistan agreed that neither country would act unilaterally to alter the current situation; instead, bilateral dialogue were to be used to find peaceful solutions to disagreements and concerns.

  • They will not use force against one another, violate one another's territorial integrity, or impede one another's right to political freedom.

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