World AIDS Vaccine Day 2023: Know Symptoms, Causes, Treatment of HIV AIDS
HIV AIDS continues to be a major global health issue that millions of people face. Millions of people around the world are affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. We can educate ourselves with the knowledge necessary to prevent its spread and provide support for people living with HIV AIDS by learning the symptoms, causes, and available treatments for this condition.
Symptoms of HIV AIDS
HIV-positive people may initially have flu-like symptoms such as fever, exhaustion, sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes. More serious symptoms, such as chronic diarrhea, unintentional weight loss, recurrent infections, and skin rashes, may develop as the illness worsens. These signs of HIV AIDS point to a compromised immune system. It is key to remember that not everyone with HIV will exhibit symptoms right away, making routine testing essential for early discovery.
Causes and Transmission
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is primarily passed from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding, through unprotected sexual contact, and by sharing contaminated needles or syringes. Even though it is uncommon, the virus can potentially be spread through blood transfusions or organ transplants from infected donors. It’s crucial to comprehend these transmission methods if you want to prevent them. Hugs, handshakes, and sharing utensils with an infected person do not result in the transmission of HIV.
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was created despite the fact that there is currently no cure for HIV AIDS. This is a result of substantial developments in medical research. Combining a number of drugs, this therapy effectively stops the virus from replicating, extending patients’ lives and improving their health. HAART is customised to meet the individual needs of each patient and may entail taking a number of different medications every day.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an additional option for people who are at a high risk of developing HIV. Antiretroviral therapy is regularly used as part of PrEP in order to prevent HIV infection. It is a crucial instrument in stopping the spread of HIV.
For those with HIV AIDS, supportive care is essential. This includes routine medical exams, counselling, and access to social support networks. The quality of life for those who are affected can be considerably improved by managing the condition's physical and mental elements as well as by leading a healthy lifestyle.