World Red Cross Day 2022: Date, History, Principles and Significance of Red Cross Day

Publish Date: 07 May, 2022
World Red Cross Day 2022: Date, History, Principles and Significance of Red Cross Day

World Red Cross Day is celebrated every year on 8 May to celebrate the principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent movement. On this day people pay tribute to Red Cross volunteers for their contribution in helping the needy people. The day is celebrated on 8 May to mark the birth anniversary of Henry Dunant, the founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Henri Dunant was born on May 8, 1828 in Geneva, Switzerland. The main objective of celebrating World Red Cross Day is to save human life and keep it healthy. It was first celebrated in 1948. However, World Red Cross Day got its official approval in the year 1984. Since that time it is celebrated every year.

World Red Cross Day History

Swiss humanitarian Henry Dunant’s book Memory of Solferino about the suffering at Italy’s Battle of Solferino gave rise to several relief societies. In this book, Henry referred to the formation of aid societies to protect wounded soldiers. As a result, the Geneva Public Welfare Society established a committee in February 1863. This later transformed into the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement.

The day 8 May has been selected as the World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day in honour of Dunant as it is his birth anniversary. Dunant received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1901 for his contribution to humanitarian acts. The occasion was first called World Red Cross Day but later transformed in 1984 to World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day.

The Seven Principles of the Red Cross Society

The seven main principles of Red Cross Society are:

1. Humanity: The main aim is to protect life, health and to ensure respect for every human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, and cooperation amongst all peoples.

2. Impartiality: No discrimination should be made on the basis of nationality, race, religious beliefs, class, or political opinions. The first and foremost motive is to help the people solely on the basis of their needs and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.

3. Neutrality: The main purpose of this principle is to keep everyone neutral in providing help and the movement should not be affected by political, racial, religious, or ideological controversies.

4. Independence: We all know that this movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the movement.

5. Voluntary Service: It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.

6. Unity: This organisation must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.

7. Universality: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all societies and people have equal status and share equal liabilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.

Significance of World Red Cross Day

The main objective and purpose of World Red Cross Day is to protect the helpless and injured soldiers and civilians. Especially in the Corona period, the importance of the World Red Cross has increased. The Red Cross is significantly working on a war footing to defeat this epidemic. People associated with this organisation are serving the needy people all over the world to protect against corona. Also distributing masks, gloves and sanitizers to the people.

Also Read: Coronavirus: WHO's warning, do not ignore these symptoms


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