Facts about the Constitution of India: The constitution of India is considered the supreme law of India. It lays down the framework enclosing fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights directive principles, and the duties of citizens. The constitution of India is the longest written constitution of the world. Our constitution was adopted on 26th November 1949 and was legally enforced on 26th January 1950. And the day of 26th January marks the Republic Day of India, ever since. While taking further he talks about this, let us learn about some facts about the constitution of India.
1. The father of Indian Constitution, Dr B.R. Ambedar was about to burn it: While during a debate on the topic of how a Governor of the country should be invested with more powers, on 2nd September 1953. To which, Dr Ambedkar strongly backed amending the constitution. He stated that even though he framed the Constitution, he shall be the first person to burn it. He backed the minorities and said that to ignore the rights of minorities will bring the greatest harm to democracy.
2. Indian constitution is the longest written constitution in the world: the Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world. Being the second-longest active constitution after the Constitution of Alabama, our constitution consists of a preamble, 448 articles with 22 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 115 amendments.
3. The constitution was not typed or printed and was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada: The original Constitution of India was not typed or printed, instead, it was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in a flowing italic style with beautiful calligraphy. It was published in Dehradun and photolithographed by Survey of India.
4. The constitution was originally written in Hindi and English: Our Constitution was originally written in Hindi and English. The members of our constituent assembly signed two copies of the constitution drafted, one of Hindi and one of English. While the English version of our constitution has 1,17,369 words and consists of 448 articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules and 115 amendments.
5. Each page of the constitution was decorated by the artists from Shanti Niketan: The original handwritten constitution was decorated by artists from Shanti Niketan including Beohar Rammanohar Sinha and Nandalal Bose. Each page was uniquely decorated and the original copies of the constitution written in Hindi and English are stored in special Helium-filled glasses in the Library of Parliament of India.
6. Our Constitution declares India as a Sovereign, Secular, Socialist, and the Democratic Republic: The guidelines stated in the Preamble to our Constitution proclaim India as a sovereign, secular, socialist democratic republic and a state committed to assure justice, liberty, and equality for people and promote the dignity of individual and unity and coherence of the nation. The fundamental rights of our constitution are mentioned in the Preamble which assures the citizens of India liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship. Moreover, it guarantees social economic and political justice, Equality of status and opportunity, and nurtures among them companionship and dignity of individuals.
7. On 9th December 1946, the Constituent Assembly met for the first time: To frame the constitution of India, the first Constituent Assembly, also the first Parliament of Independent India met for the first time on 9th December 1946 under the chairmanship of Dr Sachchidananda Sinha, the first president of the Constituent Assembly.
8. The constitution was drafted in almost 3 years: To be accurate, it took nearly 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to produce the final draft of our Constitution by the Constituent Assembly. Once the draft was complete, it was put forth for the debate and after that, it took 2000 amendments before finalising the draft.
9. The signing of the constitution was done on 24th January 1950: After a long 11 journey of a total of 11 sessions of the Constituent Assembly, the 11th session being conducted between 14th to 26th November 1949, on 26th November 1949, the final draft of the constitution was ready. However, the signing of the constitution was witnessed on 24th January 1950 by the 284 members of the Constituent Assembly at the Constitution Hall, which is now recognised as the Central Hall of Parliament, in New Delhi.
10. 26th January 1950 marked the legal enforcement day of the Constitution: After the successful drafting of the Constitution on 26th November 1949, the day of 26th January 1950 was chosen to enforce the constitution legally so as to honour the declaration of Purna Swaraj (Complete Independence) which was witnessed in 1930.
Along with the enforcement of the Constitution, the National Emblem was also adopted on 26th January 1950- the day when India was declared a republic.
So, here were 10 interesting facts about the Constitution of India. Do give it a read.