When and How did New Delhi become the capital of India

Publish Date: 26 Jan, 2021 |

When and How did New Delhi become the capital of India: Delhi has always been the epicentre of attraction. It has attracted many dynasties, and empires, while many even tried to capture Delhi and rule over it. While many powerful empires and mighty kingdoms also ruled over Delhi, making it the longest-serving capitals and one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. The extensive coverage of Delhi’s history begins with the onset of Delhi Sultanate in the 12th Century. The rule of Delhi Sultanate on Delhi started as early as 1206 by Qutub-ud-din Aibak. The artefacts from the era of Delhi Sultanate include Qutub Minar and its surrounding monuments and the Tughlakabad Fort. 


While during the beginning of a colonial rule, the British East India Company after defeating Maratha Empire Calcutta was declared the capital of India under British Raj. But in 1911 at the Delhi Darbar of 1911 held at Coronation Park, King George V announced the shifting of capital back to Delhi. And this happened because of a few reasons, and the most prime out of them being the location of Delhi. Britishers used to believe that ruling over India would be much easier from Delhi since it is located in the northern region of the country, instead of Calcutta which is located in the Southern part of India. And considering this, British architect Edwin Lutyens designed and inaugurated Delhi on 13th February 1931, after World War 1. 


Shahjahanabad(Old Delhi) was the capital of Mughal era, but it wasn’t equipped enough to harbour British. Hence, a new capital was carved out from undivided Punjab Province in 1927 and was named ‘New Delhi.’ And after this, New Delhi was officially declared as the seat of Government of India after independence in 1947.

Since 1947, New Delhi is serving as Political, economical and cultural epicentre and also the capital of India. 



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